Routine. Establish a plan of action to follow with your child every night. A common one is the “4 B’s”: Bath, Brush Teeth, Books, and Bed. Providing a transitional object, including stuffed animals or a favorite blanket, can help your child get ready for bed and ease separation. Find what works best for your family, but make sure you are consistent in whatever routine you choose.
Consistency. Make sure bedtime is the same time every night. Keep in mind little ones need between 9-12 hours of sleep depending on their age, toddlers need more time then school aged children.
Choices. When preparing for bedtime, make sure to give your child choices using “either-or” questions. For example “Do you want to wear the blue or green pajamas?” or “Do you want to skip or walk to the bedroom?” Avoid asking open-ended questions, it creates more confusion and frustration resulting in unnecessary battles.
"Winding down". About a half-hour before starting the bedtime routine, give your child the opportunity to ease into the process. End stimulating activities for the evening, such as watching TV and playing physical games, and try engaging in more relaxing and calming activities, like coloring or reading.
Environment. Make sure the bedroom temperature is cool (generally between 67-70 degrees), dark and quiet. Eliminate any stimulating activities, such as TV, electronics or screens of any kind. A white noise machine, fan or quiet music may be used, but make sure the volume is very low so it is soothing.
Remember, kids will most likely not respond immediately to the new bedtime rules you put in place and there may even be some push back, BUT do not give up! If you are consistent and keep up with the routine, over time the bedtime battles will decrease and eventually disappear!